The dating of the historical buddha a review article
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, Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, Shakya republic, Kosala kingdom [now in Nepal]—died, Kusinara, Malla republic, Magadha kingdom [now Kasia, India]), the founder of Buddhism, one of the major religions and philosophical systems of southern and eastern Asia and of the world.
In other regions the festivals are held on different days and incorporate a variety of rituals and practices.
The birth of the Buddha is celebrated in April or May, depending upon the lunar date, in these countries.
Traditional sources on the date of his death or, in the language of the tradition, “passage into nirvana,” range from 2420 The Buddha was born in Lumbini (Rummin-dei), near Kapilavastu (Kapilbastu) on the northern edge of the Ganges River basin, an area on the periphery of the civilization of North India, in what is today southern Nepal.
Scholars speculate that during the late Vedic period the peoples of the region were organized into tribal republics, ruled by a council of elders or an elected leader; the grand palaces described in the traditional accounts of the life of the Buddha are not evident among the archaeological remains.
The historical Buddha is regarded as neither the first nor the last buddha to appear in the world.His place within the tradition, therefore, cannot be understood by focusing exclusively on the events of his life and times (even to the extent that they are available).Instead, he must be viewed within the context of Buddhist theories of time and history.Buddhas are not reborn after they die but enter a state beyond suffering called nirvana (literally “passing away”).Because buddhas appear so rarely over the course of time and because only they reveal the path to liberation (moksha) from suffering ( The story of a particular buddha begins before his birth and extends beyond his death.
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The events of his life set forth in these texts cannot be regarded with confidence as historical, although his historical existence is accepted by scholars.